Male Reproductive Health
The berries of the tree are rich in a series of fatty substances that have been shown to support the male reproductive organs. The fatty portion of the berries are extracted for preparation called a “liposterolic extract”.
Although this herb has many effects on the male reproductive system, the most notable is its effects on 5-alpha-reductase — a key enzyme in the body used to convert free testosterone into the more potent 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone.
Most of the testosterone in the male body is bound to a protein known as sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG). The part that isn’t bound is what produces the androgenic effects on the body.
There are several different forms of testosterone which are kept in careful balance by enzymes such as 5-alpha-reductase, as well as other enzymes in the liver tasked with breaking down excessive testosterone levels.
5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone is roughly 5 times as potent normal testosterone. This hormone interacts with androgen receptors throughout the body including the scalp, testes, prostate, skin, and muscles — often with negative consequences.
Most of the negative effects of this particular form of testosterone are isolated to the prostate and scalp — causing the prostate to increase in size and hair loss
Other side-effects may include a change in libido and fertility and gradual degeneration of muscle tissue.
Saw palmetto slows the conversion of free testosterone to 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone — thus preserving optimal testosterone levels.